External frame packs were designed to carry heavy loads (>20 kg or 40 lb), giving the wearer more support and protection and better weight distribution than a simple, frameless strapped bag. Wooden pack frames were used for centuries around the world. Ötzi the Iceman may have used one in Copper Age Alpine Italy,[5][6] though some archaeologists believe the frame found with the body was part of a snowshoe. Such packs are common in military and mountaineering applications;[7] metal versions first appeared in the mid-20th century.
The external frame is typically made from aluminum, other lightweight metal alloy, and recently reinforced synthetic polymers or plastic and is equipped with a system of straps and tautly-stretched netting which prevents contact between the metal frame and user's back. In addition to comfort, this "stand-off" provides the additional benefit of creating air circulation between the frame and the wearer's back. For this reason, external frame packs are generally considered to be a "cooler load" than internal frame designs. External frame packs have a fabric "sack" portion which is usually smaller than that of internal frame packs, but have exposed frame portions above and below the sack to accommodate attachment of larger items. In addition, the sack can often be removed entirely, permitting the user to customize the configuration of their load, or to transport a non-conventional load such as a quartered game animal. Military packs are often external frame designs due to their ability to carry loads of different shapes, sizes and weights. https://i.pinimg.com/236x/c3/2d/c7/c32dc7cbd90c771a22347479f38dfa4b--tupperware-spring-summer-.jpg

If you’ve ever looked at a disorganized linen closet or cluttered countertop with a sigh, Thirty One Gifts is the answer to your prayers. Toss the boring plastic tubs aside and upgrade with some seriously stylish underbed bins, fabric catch-alls and market bags that will have your checkout lane neighbors peeking over in envy. The company’s unique embroidery personalization option allows you to label your new bins with the contents - “Guest Bed Sheets,” for example - to quickly snag what you need from even the most packed closets. https://i.pinimg.com/originals/3c/ab/b0/3cabb0c2d259eb58550877e8424634cd.jpg

Alternative names include haversack from the German Hafersack meaning "oat sack"[1] (which more properly describes a small cloth bag on a strap worn over one shoulder and originally referred to the bag of oats carried as horse fodder), Kraxe (a German rucksack with a rigid framework), and bergen (a large load-carrying rucksack, from a design issued by the British Army during the Second World War).[2] In fact, Britons used to call Alpine-style backpacks "Bergen rucksacks", maybe from the name of their creator, Norwegian Ole F. Bergan, combined with the name of the Norwegian city of Bergen.[citation needed]
The simplest backpack design is a bag attached to a set of shoulder straps. Such packs are used for general transportation of goods, and have variable capacity. The simplest designs consist of one main pocket. This may be combined with webbing or cordage straps, while more sophisticated models add extra pockets, waist straps, chest straps, padded shoulder straps, padded backs, and sometimes reflective materials for added safety at night. These packs are generally produced inexpensively.
I actually use this tote as a diaper bag, I have two children in diapers and it really works great for that. Aside from the way I use it, I think it's an over all great bag. A few issues: the elastic pockets on the sides seem to have lost their tension already, I don't put anything large or heavy in them to cause this, also the pocket in the back.. Wish it was larger, I don't really see the point of the zipper in the bottom of the pocket. The only other issue I have is the straps, wish they had some sort of padding on them, they tend to be a little hard on your hands if you're carrying anything heavy.
The other type of external frame which recently was proposed, is made from composite plastic which is not flexible like current backpack straps and also it is a kind of material that can be shaped like human spine curvature. In this type of backpack, load directly transfers to the shoulders through the non-flexible straps. This non-flexible structure diminishes the momentum at lumbar region of the back. Strap curvature is shaped close to spine curvature and there are two flexible drawstrings to prevent backpack movement in transverse plane. The straps of this backpack are wide enough to distribute the pressure on shoulders and also a white glass wool layer is added to the internal part of them to absorb dynamic forces, which could be produced through walking. This backpack type is an experimental sample that need further options to be prepared for usage. One of the benefits of backpack with external frame is preventing the spine to incline forward during walking that would be helpful in preventing damage of long term backpack carrying.[4] https://i.pinimg.com/236x/85/54/1b/85541b9681a49a5d3a5a658040044ff9.jpg

The Gift Catalog began in 1996 with a handful of humanitarian gifts. Today, the catalog gives shoppers more than 250 tangible ways to improve the lives of children and their communities. Gifts range in price from $16 to $50,000. Last year, more than 146,000 people donated more than 310,000 items from the Gift Catalog that helped families in need around the world. https://i.pinimg.com/736x/ff/8b/c4/ff8bc443fc09693a98428523e191144c.jpg
If you’ve ever looked at a disorganized linen closet or cluttered countertop with a sigh, Thirty One Gifts is the answer to your prayers. Toss the boring plastic tubs aside and upgrade with some seriously stylish underbed bins, fabric catch-alls and market bags that will have your checkout lane neighbors peeking over in envy. The company’s unique embroidery personalization option allows you to label your new bins with the contents - “Guest Bed Sheets,” for example - to quickly snag what you need from even the most packed closets. https://i.pinimg.com/236x/dc/70/92/dc70922d6ee53df4e61329873901c636--diy-hair-hair-make-up.jpg
Nordstrom offers a beautiful selection of backpacks for women, whether you're looking for a durable nylon book bag, a versatile leather backpack/purse or a trendy mini backpack. From super-practical backpacks to super-luxe bags, we've got you covered. Nordstrom carries your favorite outdoor-heritage brands—including Jansport and The North Face,—plus top designer labels like Gucci. https://i.pinimg.com/236x/f3/79/91/f37991cb35c90f5ffa03316d660165f4--january--eyelash-curler.jpg

Thirty-One’s new Catalog is full of collections, products and prints perfect for fall! Flip through the pages for gift ideas, fall fashion must-haves and new collections like the Get Creative line of crafting bags and accessories. Get excited for all-new photo personalization in Photo by Thirty-One and fresh prints in Global Inspired. What will you be loving this fall? Shop the new Catalog starting August 1! https://i.pinimg.com/236x/7d/44/c4/7d44c4ae8465b8b998326a34b0e3eda1--makeup-ideas-makeup-tips.jpg
Typical school backpacks generally lack the rigid frame of an outdoor-style backpack and include only a few pockets in the front in addition to the main storage compartment. While traditionally very simple in design, school backpacks are often made with padded shoulder straps and backs as well as additional reinforcement to hold large numbers of heavy textbooks, as well as safety features such as reflective panels to make the wearer of the pack more visible at night. https://i.pinimg.com/236x/a7/d9/63/a7d9631ad9c39fe86d558a5788a01f1a--passion-parties-honeymoon-ideas.jpg
Backpacks in general fall into one of four categories: frameless, external frame, internal frame, and bodypack. A pack frame, when present, serves to support the pack and distribute the weight of its contents across the body more appropriately, by transferring much of the weight to the hips and legs. Most of the weight is therefore taken off the shoulders, reducing the chance of injury from shoulder strap pressure (many backpacks equipped solely with shoulder straps can affect the posture of a person carrying more than 14 kg (30 lbs)), as well as being less restrictive of the upper body range of motion. Most backpacks are capable of being closed with either a buckle mechanism, a zipper, or a dry-bag type closure, though a few models use a drawstring fitted with a cord lock for the main compartment. https://i.pinimg.com/236x/82/6e/29/826e2948754435ef4be0877652b539d7--bloody-mary-big-picture.jpg
SEATTLE (November 27, 2018) – This Giving Tuesday, Thirty-One Gifts and World Vision are partnering together once again to double the impact to those in need. The company will match every donation to World Vision on November 27th with up to $2 million in product, helping families around the world with items to keep babies warm, deliver medical supplies, and keep girls in school.

The simplest backpack design is a bag attached to a set of shoulder straps. Such packs are used for general transportation of goods, and have variable capacity. The simplest designs consist of one main pocket. This may be combined with webbing or cordage straps, while more sophisticated models add extra pockets, waist straps, chest straps, padded shoulder straps, padded backs, and sometimes reflective materials for added safety at night. These packs are generally produced inexpensively. https://i.pinimg.com/564x/3d/ae/69/3dae69d6c9579c60c6f9d6bb3a4a8dd4.jpg

So much stuff to carry, and so few hands. A Thirty-One backpack is exactly what you need to help you wrangle all the gear your daily life dictates while enabling you to remain true to your stylish side. Feed your need for cute, fun, and well-made bags with a Thirty-One Gifts backpack. The company understands women, knowing that just one bag is never enough to meet every need. Hectic, busy days require the security and ease of a cross-body backpack, while a quick trip to the park merits a simple drawstring version. Some Thirty-One backpacks serve multiple functions, such as insulated picnic bag that also works well as a diaper bag. Because Thirty-One offers several bags within each pattern family, you can coordinate all your backpacks with the same pattern or choose complementary ones. The versatile bags offer internal and external pockets to stow large and small items, and the thoughtful designs give you padded straps for comfort and features such as mesh or thermal-lined pockets for convenience. Sellers provide a large inventory on eBay to make your backpack shopping simple.
World Vision is a Christian humanitarian organization conducting relief, development, and advocacy activities in its work with children, families, and their communities in nearly 100 countries to help them reach their full potential by tackling the causes of poverty and injustice. World Vision serves all people regardless of religion, race, ethnicity, or gender. For more information, please visit www.WorldVision.org/media-center/ or on Twitter @WorldVisionUSA. https://i.pinimg.com/236x/75/0a/39/750a39a2f025956fab81820f0ab1492f---gifts-thirty-one-gifts.jpg
World Vision is a Christian humanitarian organization conducting relief, development, and advocacy activities in its work with children, families, and their communities in nearly 100 countries to help them reach their full potential by tackling the causes of poverty and injustice. World Vision serves all people regardless of religion, race, ethnicity, or gender. For more information, please visit www.WorldVision.org/media-center/ or on Twitter @WorldVisionUSA.
The external frame is typically made from aluminum, other lightweight metal alloy, and recently reinforced synthetic polymers or plastic and is equipped with a system of straps and tautly-stretched netting which prevents contact between the metal frame and user's back. In addition to comfort, this "stand-off" provides the additional benefit of creating air circulation between the frame and the wearer's back. For this reason, external frame packs are generally considered to be a "cooler load" than internal frame designs. External frame packs have a fabric "sack" portion which is usually smaller than that of internal frame packs, but have exposed frame portions above and below the sack to accommodate attachment of larger items. In addition, the sack can often be removed entirely, permitting the user to customize the configuration of their load, or to transport a non-conventional load such as a quartered game animal. Military packs are often external frame designs due to their ability to carry loads of different shapes, sizes and weights. https://i.pinimg.com/236x/a0/3f/51/a03f5102c66cc1379a23a5fbf67421c4--host-a-party-thirty-one.jpg

2. To redeem this offer, Hostesses with a qualifying party of $600 or more may choose the Close To Home™ Caddy for $14.40, Close To Home™ Tray for $17.40, Close To Home™ Table Gallery for $17.40, Close To Home™ Décor Box for $20.40 or Close To Home™ Round Tray for $20.40. Includes personalization. Limit one per Hostess. Qualifying party sales exclude tax, shipping and all Hostess Rewards. Valid for qualifying party orders submitted April 1-30, 2019. Prior to tax and shipping. While supplies last. Customer Specials and Hostess Rewards cannot be combined. https://i.pinimg.com/236x/d9/3c/8e/d93c8ea908f2ce88b171b5fb31a0d729--thirty-one-baby-shower-gifts.jpg
Large backpacks, used to carry loads over 10 kilograms (22 lb), as well as smaller sports backpacks (e.g. running, cycling, hiking and hydration), usually offload the largest part (up to about 90%) of their weight onto padded hip belts, leaving the shoulder straps mainly for stabilising the load. This improves the potential to carry heavy loads, as the hips are stronger than the shoulders, and also increases agility and balance, since the load rides nearer the wearer's own center of mass. https://i.pinimg.com/236x/81/8d/45/818d45c8d48ce1857e20a29fa8bfa10d---gifts-thirty-one-gifts.jpg

I just had a party with Monica Nickerson in West Allis, WI. She was the nicest, quickest to respond ...and most helpful women ever! She brought so many fun things to the show and was interested in what we needed. The show was perfect getting us ready for the holidays. I received the order and everything was beautiful! I’ll definitely be hosting again with Monica, she’s delightful and the products are amazing! See More https://i.pinimg.com/originals/67/5c/24/675c242b0fc47bf186a55972b90a6a71.jpg
Our backpacks for kids come in bright colors and cool designs for every kind of student from K–12. They’re comfy to carry and made to last with tough fabrics, sturdy zippers and strong stitching. And they’ll keep up with your kids, whether they’re running to the bus, swinging them around on the playground or stuffing them with books, a lunchbox and a surprise for show-and-tell. Choose from backpacks that feature their favorite characters, animal and camo prints, polka dots, plaids, solids, stripes and much more. https://i.pinimg.com/236x/9b/8a/7d/9b8a7dd7c4b2442438346df73f88ac78--trunk-organization-utility-tote.jpg
Thirty-One’s new Catalog is full of collections, products and prints perfect for fall! Flip through the pages for gift ideas, fall fashion must-haves and new collections like the Get Creative line of crafting bags and accessories. Get excited for all-new photo personalization in Photo by Thirty-One and fresh prints in Global Inspired. What will you be loving this fall? Shop the new Catalog starting August 1! https://i.pinimg.com/236x/7d/44/c4/7d44c4ae8465b8b998326a34b0e3eda1--makeup-ideas-makeup-tips.jpg

1. Promotional offer valid 1-30 April 2019 only. Limited quantities available at promotional price. To redeem this promotional offer, Customers may choose the Fresh Markel® Thermal for $20 or the Tote-ally Thermal for $20 or a Mystery Bundle for $20 with every $40 spent. Prior to tax and shipping. No substitutions. While supplies last. Prices shown do not include personalization. Hostess Rewards not included. Customer Specials and Hostess Rewards cannot be combined.   https://i.pinimg.com/originals/37/18/72/371872240067a21a30714fbbc8cb0bae.jpg
Have you ever received a Thirty One Gifts catalog party letter?  If you have then you know how fun 31 Gifts parties can be.  If you've ever attended a Thirty One Gifts catalog party or browsed the Thirty One Gifts catalog PDF, then you've certainly noticed how personalization makes the product special.  Thirty One Gifts products are meant for the women they support and accessorize - they’re made to withstand the rigors of daily life and the demands of errand-filled afternoons. Popular models like crossbody totes and messenger bags securely stash your belongings while still keeping you looking fashionable. These are bags made for everyday, not gathering dust in a closet between special occasions. Fun, fresh and perfectly personalized, Thirty One Gifts makes products that women truly love to use, year after year.  Contact a 31 Gifts representative to set up your own hosted party where you can earn free gifts.  
I actually use this tote as a diaper bag, I have two children in diapers and it really works great for that. Aside from the way I use it, I think it's an over all great bag. A few issues: the elastic pockets on the sides seem to have lost their tension already, I don't put anything large or heavy in them to cause this, also the pocket in the back.. Wish it was larger, I don't really see the point of the zipper in the bottom of the pocket. The only other issue I have is the straps, wish they had some sort of padding on them, they tend to be a little hard on your hands if you're carrying anything heavy. https://i.pinimg.com/236x/78/23/f3/7823f36b69d5658923e0a1483beb8f57--beautiful-hairstyles-pretty-people.jpg
Must complete the first four entries to win. Must be 18 years of age or older. Must reside in the U.S. or have an APO address. Winner pays tax and shipping and CAN use the $75 credit towards both. Contest begins Wednesday, November 6th and ends Tuesday, November 12th at 11:59 PST. Winner must respond within 48 hours. Please check your inbox or spam folder for emails from [email protected] https://i.pinimg.com/originals/15/c3/9a/15c39a2857b73ac01b877909dde7cc6b.jpg
External frame packs were designed to carry heavy loads (>20 kg or 40 lb), giving the wearer more support and protection and better weight distribution than a simple, frameless strapped bag. Wooden pack frames were used for centuries around the world. Ötzi the Iceman may have used one in Copper Age Alpine Italy,[5][6] though some archaeologists believe the frame found with the body was part of a snowshoe. Such packs are common in military and mountaineering applications;[7] metal versions first appeared in the mid-20th century. https://i.pinimg.com/236x/8d/6f/87/8d6f873a5f9b925fe764eecba26a075b.jpg
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